The Second Book Of SAMUEL
Second Samuel continues the story of King David begun in 1 Samuel,
including his military victories, centralization of the cult in the new
capital of Jerusalem, and God's promise of an eternal dynasty. David's
human failings--as a person, as a father, and as a king--as well as
God's judgment and grace, complete this portrait of Israel's greatest
The life of David, presented so graphically with all the faults of the
human condition, can serve as a mirror of our own humanity. Seeing how
God works in and through David can help us discern the activity of God
in our own relationships with the Lord and with others.
Ancient tradition identifies Samuel as the author of the first
twenty-four chapters of 1 Samuel and asserts that the rest of 1 Samuel
and 2 Samuel were completed by Nathan and Gad. Today, many scholars
believe that 1 and 2 Samuel are part of the Deuteronomistic History
(DtrH) and that various older traditions have been gathered together and
edited by a nameless exilic editor or editors.
The final event recorded in Kings occurred in 561 B.C.E. Since the
return from Babylon (538 B.C.E.) is not recorded, one assumes that 2
Samuel reached its final form sometime between these two dates (561 and
538). It was written during the Babylonian exile as part of the
Deuteronomistic History, though the older traditions that comprise much
of the narrative are considerably earlier than this.
Second Samuel recounts the long reign of David, beginning with his
becoming king over Judah and Israel, followed by his brilliant military
success and consolidation of the kingdom, and concluding with his
failures as a human, a father, and a king.
Second Samuel looks like a history of the new institution of kingship in
Israel. While important historical information is presented, some of it
is at odds with the presentation found in 1 Chronicles. Both Chronicles
and Samuel should be read as theological, rather than historical,
presentations of the early years of the monarchy. Second Samuel is part
of a larger narrative (the Deuteronomistic History) designed to
demonstrate the reasons for the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel
in 722/721 B.C.E. and Judah's exile to Babylon in 587/586 B.C.E.
AUTHOR: Mark Throntveit, Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament
1 Now it
came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the
slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;
2 It came
even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp
from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it
was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did
3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.
David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he
answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the
people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead
5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?
6 And the
young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount
Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and
horsemen followed hard after him.
7 And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I.
8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.
9 He said
unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is
come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.
10 So I
stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live
after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head,
and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto
11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:
they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for
Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of
Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.
14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD's anointed?
15 And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died.
David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath
testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD's anointed.
17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:
18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)
19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!
it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the
daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the
mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain,
upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is
vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been
anointed with oil.
the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan
turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.
and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death
they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were
stronger than lions.
daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with
other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.
25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.
26 I am
distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been
unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.
27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!
1 And it
came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I
go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go
up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.
2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
4 And the
men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of
Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were
they that buried Saul.
David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them,
Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your
lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.
6 And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.
now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master
Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over
8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and
over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and
reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.
11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met
together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one
side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.
14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.
there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained
to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.
they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in
his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was
called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon.
17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.
18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe.
19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.
20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.
Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and
lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But
Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.
Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore
should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to
Joab thy brother?
he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the
spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him;
and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to
pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died
also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they
were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the
wilderness of Gibeon.
25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.
Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest
thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall
it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their
Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the
morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.
28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.
Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed
over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim.
Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the
people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and
31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.
they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father,
which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they
came to Hebron at break of day.
there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but
David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker
2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;
3 And his
second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the
third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;
5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.
6 And it
came to pass, while there was war between the house of Saul and the
house of David, that Abner made himself strong for the house of Saul.
Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and
Ishbosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's
was Abner very wroth for the words of Ishbosheth, and said, Am I a dog's
head, which against Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of
Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not
delivered thee into the hand of David, that thou chargest me to day with
a fault concerning this woman?
9 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD hath sworn to David, even so I do to him;
translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne
of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba.
11 And he could not answer Abner a word again, because he feared him.
Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land?
saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be
with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee.
13 And he
said, Well; I will make a league with thee: but one thing I require of
thee, that is, Thou shalt not see my face, except thou first bring
Michal Saul's daughter, when thou comest to see my face.
David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my
wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the
15 And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish.
16 And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned.
17 And Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought for David in times past to be king over you:
then do it: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my
servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the
Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.
Abner also spake in the ears of Benjamin: and Abner went also to speak
in the ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and that
seemed good to the whole house of Benjamin.
20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.
Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel
unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with thee, and that
thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent
Abner away; and he went in peace.
behold, the servants of David and Joab came from pursuing a troop, and
brought in a great spoil with them: but Abner was not with David in
Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace.
Joab and all the host that was with him were come, they told Joab,
saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath sent him
away, and he is gone in peace.
Joab came to the king, and said, What hast thou done? behold, Abner came
unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him away, and he is quite
knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive thee, and to know
thy going out and thy coming in, and to know all that thou doest.
when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which
brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not.
when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to
speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he
died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
afterward when David heard it, he said, I and my kingdom are guiltless
before the LORD for ever from the blood of Abner the son of Ner:
29 Let it
rest on the head of Joab, and on all his father's house; and let there
not fail from the house of Joab one that hath an issue, or that is a
leper, or that leaneth on a staff, or that falleth on the sword, or that
30 So Joab, and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your
clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king
David himself followed the bier.
32 And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the king lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner; and all the people wept.
33 And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth?
hands were not bound, nor thy feet put into fetters: as a man falleth
before wicked men, so fellest thou. And all the people wept again over
when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet
day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste
bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.
36 And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them: as whatsoever the king did pleased all the people.
37 For all the people and all Israel understood that day that it was not of the king to slay Abner the son of Ner.
38 And the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?
39 And I
am this day weak, though anointed king; and these men the sons of
Zeruiah be too hard for me: the LORD shall reward the doer of evil
according to his wickedness.
1 And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.
Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one
was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a
Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned
3 And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.)
Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five
years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel, and
his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came to pass, as she made haste
to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth.
5 And the
sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about
the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at
they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have
fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth rib: and Rechab and
Baanah his brother escaped.
when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and
they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and
gat them away through the plain all night.
they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to
the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul thine enemy,
which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this
day of Saul, and of his seed.
David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the
Beerothite, and said unto them, As the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my
soul out of all adversity,
one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good
tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I
would have given him a reward for his tidings:
much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own
house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your
hand, and take you away from the earth?
David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their
hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But
they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of
Abner in Hebron.
1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
2 Also in
time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out
and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my
people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
3 So all
the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a
league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king
4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in
Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
6 And the
king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants
of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the
blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David
cannot come in hither.
7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth
the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind that are hated of David's
soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and
the lame shall not come into the house.
9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and
that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was
come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over
Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of
it, and went down to the hold.
18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines?
wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go
up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The
LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of
waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.
21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but
fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the
let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the
mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the
LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.
1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.
David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale
of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called
by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.
they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house
of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of
Abinadab, drave the new cart.
4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.
David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner
of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and
on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.
when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to
the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.
7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.
David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and
he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.
9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?
David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of
David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the
the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three
months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.
12 And it
was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of
Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God.
So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom
into the city of David with gladness.
13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.
14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.
15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
16 And as
the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter
looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before
the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the
midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered
burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
18 And as
soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace
offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.
19 And he
dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel,
as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good
piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every
one to his house.
David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul
came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to
day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his
servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!
David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before
thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the
people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.
22 And I
will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and
of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had
23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.
1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the
children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a
tent and in a tabernacle.
7 In all
the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I
a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my
people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?
therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD
of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to
be ruler over my people, over Israel:
9 And I
was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine
enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the
name of the great men that are in the earth.
I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that
they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall
the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
11 And as
since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and
have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth
thee that he will make thee an house.
when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I
will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels,
and I will establish his kingdom.
13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
14 I will
be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will
chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of
15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O
Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast
spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is
this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is
there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our
what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom
God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and
to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy
people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and
24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.
now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant,
and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast
let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God
over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established
thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant,
saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in
his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may
continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and
with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued
them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
2 And he
smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the
ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one
full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants,
and brought gifts.
3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and
twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but
reserved of them for an hundred chariots.
5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became
servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David
whithersoever he went.
7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him,
because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer
had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and
vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold
that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;
Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the
Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob,
king of Zobah.
13 And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
14 And he
put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all
they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David
whithersoever he went.
15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;
18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake?
there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when
they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba?
And he said, Thy servant is he.
3 And the
king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew
the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath
yet a son, which is lame on his feet.
4 And the
king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold,
he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.
5 Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.
when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto
David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said,
Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant!
David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for
Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul
thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.
8 And he bowed himself, and said, What is thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I am?
the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and said unto him, I have given
unto thy master's son all that pertained to Saul and to all his house.
therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him,
and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that thy master's son may have food
to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat bread alway at my
table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.
said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath
commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth,
said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's sons.
12 And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth.
13 So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king's table; and was lame on both his feet.
1 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.
said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his
father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the
hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the
land of the children of Ammon.
3 And the
princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest
thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters
unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search
the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?
Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their
beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their
buttocks, and sent them away.
they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were
greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards
be grown, and then return.
when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the
children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob and the
Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand
men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.
7 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.
8 And the
children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering
in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and
Maacah, were by themselves in the field.
Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind,
he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against
the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his
brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.
11 And he
said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but
if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and
12 Be of
good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities
of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.
13 And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.
when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled
they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned
from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
15 And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.
Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river:
and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer
went before them.
when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over
Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array
against David, and fought with him.
the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred
chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach
the captain of their host, who died there.
when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were
smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So
the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.
1 And it
came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go
forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and
all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged
Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.
2 And it
came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and
walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a
woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.
David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this
Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?
David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he
lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she
returned unto her house.
5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.
6 And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David.
7 And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered.
David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah
departed out of the king's house, and there followed him a mess of meat
from the king.
9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.
when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house,
David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? why then didst
thou not go down unto thine house?
Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents;
and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open
fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie
with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do
David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let
thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow.
when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made
him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants
of his lord, but went not down to his house.
14 And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.
15 And he
wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the
hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.
16 And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were.
the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some
of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also.
18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war;
19 And charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king,
20 And if
so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore
approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that
they would shoot from the wall?
smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of
a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye
nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead
22 So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Joab had sent him for.
the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and
came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the
entering of the gate.
the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the
king's servants be dead, and thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not
this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as
another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it:
and encourage thou him.
26 And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.
when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and
she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had
done displeased the LORD.
1 And the
LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him,
There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor.
2 The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:
3 But the
poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and
nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children;
it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his
bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.
there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his
own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was
come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man
that was come to him.
David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to
Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall
6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of
Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of
the hand of Saul;
8 And I
gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and
gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too
little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.
hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his
sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken
his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the
children of Ammon.
therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou
hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy
saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine
own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them
unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this
12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said
unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of
the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall
15 And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick.
16 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth.
the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the
earth: but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them.
18 And it
came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants
of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said,
Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would
not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him
that the child is dead?
when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the
child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child
dead? And they said, He is dead.
David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and
changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and
worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they
set bread before him, and he did eat.
said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou
didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the
child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.
22 And he
said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who
can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live?
23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with
her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD
25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD.
26 And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters.
therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the
city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my
29 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.
30 And he
took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a
talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head.
And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.
31 And he
brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws,
and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass
through the brick-kiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the
children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.
1 And it
came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair
sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.
Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was a
virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do anything to her.
3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man.
4 And he
said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to day?
wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my
brother Absalom's sister.
Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick:
and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let
my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight,
that I may see it, and eat it at her hand.
Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see
him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come,
and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand.
7 Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat.
Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she
took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake
9 And she
took a pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat. And
Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from
Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat
of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought
them into the chamber to Amnon her brother.
11 And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.
12 And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly.
13 And I,
whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as
one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the
king; for he will not withhold me from thee.
14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.
Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her
was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said
unto her, Arise, be gone.
she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is
greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken
17 Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her.
she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were
the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant
brought her out, and bolted the door after her.
Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that
was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.
Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with
thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he is thy brother; regard not
this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house.
21 But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth.
22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.
23 And it
came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in
Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's
Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath
sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with
the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be
chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but
26 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go with thee?
27 But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.
Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's
heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then
kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be
the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then
all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and
30 And it
came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David,
saying, Absalom hath slain all the king's sons, and there is not one of
31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.
Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not
my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons;
for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been
determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.
therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think
that all the king's sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead.
Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch lifted up his eyes,
and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill
side behind him.
35 And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the king's sons come: as thy servant said, so it is.
36 And it
came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold,
the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king
also and all his servants wept very sore.
37 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.
38 So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.
39 And the soul of king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.
1 Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's heart was toward Absalom.
Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her,
I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning
apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a
long time mourned for the dead:
3 And come to the king, and speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth.
4 And when the woman of Tekoah spake to the king, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, O king.
5 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and mine husband is dead.
6 And thy
handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and
there was none to part them, but the one smote the other, and slew him.
behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said,
Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life
of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so
they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my
husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.
8 And the king said unto the woman, Go to thine house, and I will give charge concerning thee.
9 And the
woman of Tekoah said unto the king, My lord, O king, the iniquity be on
me, and on my father's house: and the king and his throne be guiltless.
10 And the king said, Whoever saith ought unto thee, bring him to me, and he shall not touch thee any more.
said she, I pray thee, let the king remember the LORD thy God, that thou
wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy any more, lest
they destroy my son. And he said, As the LORD liveth, there shall not
one hair of thy son fall to the earth.
12 Then the woman said, Let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak one word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.
the woman said, Wherefore then hast thou thought such a thing against
the people of God? for the king doth speak this thing as one which is
faulty, in that the king doth not fetch home again his banished.
14 For we
must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be
gathered up again; neither doth God respect any person: yet doth he
devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
therefore that I am come to speak of this thing unto my lord the king,
it is because the people have made me afraid: and thy handmaid said, I
will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the
request of his handmaid.
the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man
that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be
comfortable: for as an angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern
good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray
thee, the thing that I shall ask thee. And the woman said, Let my lord
the king now speak.
the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the
woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can
turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king
hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these
words in the mouth of thine handmaid:
fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing:
and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know
all things that are in the earth.
21 And the king said unto Joab, Behold now, I have done this thing: go therefore, bring the young man Absalom again.
Joab fell to the ground on his face, and bowed himself, and thanked the
king: and Joab said, To day thy servant knoweth that I have found grace
in thy sight, my lord, O king, in that the king hath fulfilled the
request of his servant.
23 So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem.
the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not see my
face. So Absalom returned to his own house, and saw not the king's face.
25 But in
all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his
beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there
was no blemish in him.
when he polled his head, (for it was at every year's end that he polled
it: because the hair was heavy on him, therefore he polled it:) he
weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels after the king's
27 And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance.
28 So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the king's face.
Absalom sent for Joab, to have sent him to the king; but he would not
come to him: and when he sent again the second time, he would not come.
he said unto his servants, See, Joab's field is near mine, and he hath
barley there; go and set it on fire. And Absalom's servants set the
field on fire.
31 Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom unto his house, and said unto him, Wherefore have thy servants set my field on fire?
Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent unto thee, saying, Come hither,
that I may send thee to the king, to say, Wherefore am I come from
Geshur? it had been good for me to have been there still: now therefore
let me see the king's face; and if there be any iniquity in me, let him
Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom,
he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before
the king: and the king kissed Absalom.
1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him.
Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was
so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for
judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou?
And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel.
3 And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee.
said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man
which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him
5 And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.
6 And on
this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for
judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
7 And it
came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray
thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in
8 For thy
servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the
LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the
9 And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron.
Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon
as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth
with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called;
and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing.
Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his
city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy
was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
13 And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom.
David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise,
and let us flee; for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed
to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and
smite the city with the edge of the sword.
15 And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.
16 And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.
17 And the king went forth, and all the people after him, and tarried in a place that was far off.
all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all
the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after
him from Gath, passed on before the king.
said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us?
return to thy place, and abide with the king: for thou art a stranger,
and also an exile.
thou camest but yesterday, should I this day make thee go up and down
with us? seeing I go whither I may, return thou, and take back thy
brethren: mercy and truth be with thee.
Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD liveth, and as my lord
the king liveth, surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether
in death or life, even there also will thy servant be.
David said to Ittai, Go and pass over. And Ittai the Gittite passed
over, and all his men, and all the little ones that were with him.
all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over:
the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people
passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
24 And lo
Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the
covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up,
until all the people had done passing out of the city.
the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I
shall find favour in the eyes of the LORD, he will bring me again, and
shew me both it, and his habitation:
26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him.
king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into
the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and
Jonathan the son of Abiathar.
28 See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me.
29 Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.
David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and
had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was
with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they
one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with
Absalom. And David said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the counsel of
Ahithophel into foolishness.
32 And it
came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where
he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his
coat rent, and earth upon his head:
33 Unto whom David said, If thou passest on with me, then thou shalt be a burden unto me:
34 But if
thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O
king; as I have been thy father's servant hitherto, so will I now also
be thy servant: then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of
hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore
it shall be, that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's
house, thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.
they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, and
Jonathan Abiathar's son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing
that ye can hear.
37 So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.
when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the
servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and
upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of
raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine.
2 And the
king said unto Ziba, What meanest thou by these? And Ziba said, The
asses be for the king's household to ride on; and the bread and summer
fruit for the young men to eat; and the wine, that such as be faint in
the wilderness may drink.
3 And the
king said, And where is thy master's son? And Ziba said unto the king,
Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To day shall the house of
Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.
said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine are all that pertained unto
Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee that I may find grace
in thy sight, my lord, O king.
when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the
family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he
came forth, and cursed still as he came.
6 And he
cast stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the
people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.
7 And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial:
LORD hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in
whose stead thou hast reigned; and the LORD hath delivered the kingdom
into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy
mischief, because thou art a bloody man.
said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog
curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his
the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let
him curse, because the LORD hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall
then say, Wherefore hast thou done so?
David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which
came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now may this
Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath
12 It may be that the LORD will look on mine affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
13 And as
David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side
over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and
14 And the king, and all the people that were with him, came weary, and refreshed themselves there.
15 And Absalom, and all the people the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.
16 And it
came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto
Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the
17 And Absalom said to Hushai, Is this thy kindness to thy friend? why wentest thou not with thy friend?
Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom the LORD, and this people, and
all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and with him will I abide.
again, whom should I serve? should I not serve in the presence of his
son? as I have served in thy father's presence, so will I be in thy
20 Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give counsel among you what we shall do.
Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, which
he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that thou art
abhorred of thy father: then shall the hands of all that are with thee
they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of the house; and Absalom went
in unto his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel.
the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a
man had enquired at the oracle of God: so was all the counsel of
Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.
Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand
men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night:
2 And I
will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him
afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will
smite the king only:
3 And I
will bring back all the people unto thee: the man whom thou seekest is
as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace.
4 And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.
5 Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith.
when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying,
Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying?
if not; speak thou.
7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time.
said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they be mighty
men, and they be chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps
in the field: and thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge with
he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come to
pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever
heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow
10 And he
also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall
utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father is a mighty man,
and they which be with him are valiant men.
I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan
even to Beersheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude; and
that thou go to battle in thine own person.
shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we
will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of
all the men that are with him there shall not be left so much as one.
if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that
city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small
stone found there.
Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the
Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had
appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that
the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.
said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did
Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus
have I counselled.
therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in
the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over; lest the king be
swallowed up, and all the people that are with him.
Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to
come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and
told king David.
a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away
quickly, and came to a man's house in Bahurim, which had a well in his
court; whither they went down.
19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.
when Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where
is Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone
over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find
them, they returned to Jerusalem.
21 And it
came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the
well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass
quickly over the water: for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against
David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over
Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not
gone over Jordan.
when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his
ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his
household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the
sepulchre of his father.
24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a
man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail
the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.
26 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.
27 And it
came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of
Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel
of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and
flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse,
honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the
people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry,
and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.
1 And David numbered the people that were with him, and set captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds over them.
David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a
third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's
brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the
king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.
3 But the
people answered, Thou shalt not go forth: for if we flee away, they
will not care for us; neither if half of us die, will they care for us:
but now thou art worth ten thousand of us: therefore now it is better
that thou succour us out of the city.
4 And the
king said unto them, What seemeth you best I will do. And the king
stood by the gate side, and all the people came out by hundreds and by
5 And the
king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my
sake with the young man, even with Absalom. And all the people heard
when the king gave all the captains charge concerning Absalom.
6 So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim;
the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David, and there
was there a great slaughter that day of twenty thousand men.
8 For the
battle was there scattered over the face of all the country: and the
wood devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.
Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode upon a mule, and the
mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught
hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth;
and the mule that was under him went away.
10 And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanged in an oak.
Joab said unto the man that told him, And, behold, thou sawest him, and
why didst thou not smite him there to the ground? and I would have given
thee ten shekels of silver, and a girdle.
the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels of
silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the
king's son: for in our hearing the king charged thee and Abishai and
Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom.
I should have wrought falsehood against mine own life: for there is no
matter hid from the king, and thou thyself wouldest have set thyself
said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in
his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet
alive in the midst of the oak.
15 And ten young men that bare Joab's armour compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him.
16 And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back the people.
they took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a
very great heap of stones upon him: and all Israel fled every one to
Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar,
which is in the king's dale: for he said, I have no son to keep my name
in remembrance: and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is
called unto this day, Absalom's place.
said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, Let me now run, and bear the king
tidings, how that the LORD hath avenged him of his enemies.
Joab said unto him, Thou shalt not bear tidings this day, but thou shalt
bear tidings another day: but this day thou shalt bear no tidings,
because the king's son is dead.
21 Then said Joab to Cushi, Go tell the king what thou hast seen. And Cushi bowed himself unto Joab, and ran.
said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok yet again to Joab, But howsoever, let me, I
pray thee, also run after Cushi. And Joab said, Wherefore wilt thou
run, my son, seeing that thou hast no tidings ready?
23 But howsoever, said he, let me run. And he said unto him, Run. Then Ahimaaz ran by the way of the plain, and overran Cushi.
David sat between the two gates: and the watchman went up to the roof
over the gate unto the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and
behold a man running alone.
the watchman cried, and told the king. And the king said, If he be
alone, there is tidings in his mouth. And he came apace, and drew near.
the watchman saw another man running: and the watchman called unto the
porter, and said, Behold another man running alone. And the king said,
He also bringeth tidings.
the watchman said, Me thinketh the running of the foremost is like the
running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok. And the king said, He is a good
man, and cometh with good tidings.
Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. And he fell down to
the earth upon his face before the king, and said, Blessed be the LORD
thy God, which hath delivered up the men that lifted up their hand
against my lord the king.
the king said, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Ahimaaz answered, When
Joab sent the king's servant, and me thy servant, I saw a great tumult,
but I knew not what it was.
30 And the king said unto him, Turn aside, and stand here. And he turned aside, and stood still.
behold, Cushi came; and Cushi said, Tidings, my lord the king: for the
LORD hath avenged thee this day of all them that rose up against thee.
the king said unto Cushi, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Cushi
answered, The enemies of my lord the king, and all that rise against
thee to do thee hurt, be as that young man is.
the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and
wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son
Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!
1 And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom.
2 And the
victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the
people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son.
3 And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!
Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this
day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life,
and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy
wives, and the lives of thy concubines;
6 In that
thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast
declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for
this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died
this day, then it had pleased thee well.
therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants: for I
swear by the LORD, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with
thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that
befell thee from thy youth until now.
the king arose, and sat in the gate. And they told unto all the people,
saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came
before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent.
9 And all
the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying,
The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us
out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land
10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?
king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto
the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back
to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even
to his house.
12 Ye are my brethren, ye are my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king?
say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to
me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me
continually in the room of Joab.
14 And he
bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man;
so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy
15 So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan.
16 And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
there were a thousand men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of
the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with
him; and they went over Jordan before the king.
there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king's household, and to
do what he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the
king, as he was come over Jordan;
said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do
thou remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord
the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his
thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come
the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord
Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to
death for this, because he cursed the LORD's anointed?
David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye
should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to
death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over
23 Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.
Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither
dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from
the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace.
25 And it
came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the
king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth?
26 And he
answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant
said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the
king; because thy servant is lame.
27 And he
hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king
is as an angel of God: do therefore what is good in thine eyes.
all of my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet
didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table.
What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?
29 And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land.
Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my
lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.
31 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan.
Barzillai was a very aged man, even fourscore years old: and he had
provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a
very great man.
33 And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem.
34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem?
35 I am
this day fourscore years old: and can I discern between good and evil?
can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more
the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy
servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king?
36 Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward?
thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own
city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But
behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and
do to him what shall seem good unto thee.
the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him
that which shall seem good unto thee: and whatsoever thou shalt require
of me, that will I do for thee.
all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the
king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own
the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the
people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel.
behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king,
Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and have
brought the king, and his household, and all David's men with him, over
all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is
near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we
eaten at all of the king's cost? or hath he given us any gift?
the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts
in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did
ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back
our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words
of the men of Israel.
there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the
son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no
part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every
man to his tents, O Israel.
every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son
of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even
David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women
his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in
ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto
the day of their death, living in widowhood.
4 Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble me the men of Judah within three days, and be thou here present.
5 So Amasa went to assemble the men of Judah: but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed him.
David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm
than did Absalom: take thou thy lord's servants, and pursue after him,
lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us.
there went out after him Joab's men, and the Cherethites, and the
Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to
pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
they were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa went before them.
And Joab's garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a
girdle with a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and
as he went forth it fell out.
9 And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him.
Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him
therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and
struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother
pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
11 And one of Joab's men stood by him, and said, He that favoureth Joab, and he that is for David, let him go after Joab.
Amasa wallowed in blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man
saw that all the people stood still, he removed Amasa out of the highway
into the field, and cast a cloth upon him, when he saw that every one
that came by him stood still.
13 When he was removed out of the highway, all the people went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
14 And he
went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah,
and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also
they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a
bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people
that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.
16 Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with thee.
when he was come near unto her, the woman said, Art thou Joab? And he
answered, I am he. Then she said unto him, Hear the words of thine
handmaid. And he answered, I do hear.
she spake, saying, They were wont to speak in old time, saying, They
shall surely ask counsel at Abel: and so they ended the matter.
19 I am
one of them that are peaceable and faithful in Israel: thou seekest to
destroy a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow up the
inheritance of the LORD?
20 And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy.
matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by
name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, even against David:
deliver him only, and I will depart from the city. And the woman said
unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to thee over the wall.
the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the
head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it out to Joab. And he blew a
trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab
returned to Jerusalem unto the king.
23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:
24 And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:
25 And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:
26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.
there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year;
and David enquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, It is for Saul,
and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.
2 And the
king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites
were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites;
and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay
them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)
David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith
shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the
4 And the
Gibeonites said unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor
of his house; neither for us shalt thou kill any man in Israel. And he
said, What ye shall say, that will I do for you.
they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised
against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the
coasts of Israel,
seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up
unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose. And the king
said, I will give them.
7 But the
king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because
of the LORD's oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the
son of Saul.
8 But the
king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare
unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the
daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai
9 And he
delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in
the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were
put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning
of barley harvest.
Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon
the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them
out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them
by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.
11 And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son
from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of
Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines
had slain Saul in Gilboa:
13 And he
brought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his
son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged.
the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of
Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they
performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated
for the land.
the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and
his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David
Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose
spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded
with a new sword, thought to have slain David.
Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and
killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go
no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
18 And it
came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the
Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was
of the sons of the giant.
there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the
son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the
Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.
there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that
had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and
twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.
21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him.
22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the
LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of
the hand of Saul:
2 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;
3 The God
of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my
salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from
4 I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.
5 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;
6 The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;
7 In my
distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my
voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.
8 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.
9 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.
10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.
11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.
12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.
13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.
14 The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice.
15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.
the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were
discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of
17 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters;
18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.
19 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.
20 He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
21 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.
24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.
25 Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.
26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright.
27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury.
28 And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.
29 For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness.
30 For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.
31 As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.
32 For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God?
33 God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.
34 He maketh my feet like hinds' feet: and setteth me upon my high places.
35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great.
37 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.
38 I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.
39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.
40 For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me.
41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.
42 They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.
43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.
also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept
me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.
45 Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.
46 Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.
47 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.
48 It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me.
that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on
high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from
the violent man.
50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.
51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.
these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the
man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the
sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.
3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.
4 And he
shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a
morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth
by clear shining after rain.
my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting
covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation,
and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.
6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:
7 But the
man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a
spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.
be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat
in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he
lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.
after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three
mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there
gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:
arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand
clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and
the people returned after him only to spoil.
after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines
were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of
lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.
12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.
three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest
time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched
in the valley of Rephaim.
14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!
the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew
water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it,
and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but
poured it out unto the LORD.
17 And he
said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the
blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he
would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.
Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three.
And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and
had the name among three.
19 Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who
had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also
and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:
21 And he
slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his
hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of
the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.
22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.
23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.
24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,
30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,
31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
37 Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,
38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite,
39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.
1 And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.
2 For the
king said to Joab the captain of the host, which was with him, Go now
through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beersheba, and number
ye the people, that I may know the number of the people.
Joab said unto the king, Now the LORD thy God add unto the people, how
many soever they be, an hundredfold, and that the eyes of my lord the
king may see it: but why doth my lord the king delight in this thing?
the king's word prevailed against Joab, and against the captains of the
host. And Joab and the captains of the host went out from the presence
of the king, to number the people of Israel.
they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the
city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer:
6 Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon,
came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites,
and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to
8 So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.
Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and
there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the
sword; and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.
David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David
said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now,
I beseech thee, O LORD, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I
have done very foolishly.
11 For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying,
12 Go and say unto David, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things; choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.
13 So Gad
came to David, and told him, and said unto him, Shall seven years of
famine come unto thee in thy land? or wilt thou flee three months before
thine enemies, while they pursue thee? or that there be three days'
pestilence in thy land? now advise, and see what answer I shall return
to him that sent me.
David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let us fall now into the
hand of the LORD; for his mercies are great: and let me not fall into
the hand of man.
15 So the
LORD sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time
appointed: and there died of the people from Dan even to Beersheba
seventy thousand men.
when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the
LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the
people, It is enough: stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was
by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite.
David spake unto the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people,
and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep,
what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and
against my father's house.
Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto
the LORD in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite.
19 And David, according to the saying of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded.
Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him:
and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king on his face upon
Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? And
David said, To buy the threshingfloor of thee, to build an altar unto
the LORD, that the plague may be stayed from the people.
Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what
seemeth good unto him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and
threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood.
23 All these things did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee.
the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of thee at a
price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that
which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the
oxen for fifty shekels of silver.
David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings
and peace offerings. So the LORD was intreated for the land, and the
plague was stayed from Israel.