The book of Hosea is a collection of prophetic messages delivered by the prophet Hosea and narrative descriptions of Hosea's marriage and the birth of his children (1:2-2:1; 3:1-5). Most of Hosea's messages are announcements of God's anger with Israel (the northern of the two Israelite kingdoms) and God's impending judgment on this people. Hosea's messages focus on Israel's unfaithfulness to the Lord. This lack of faithfulness is seen in Israel's worship of other gods (alongside the Lord). The religious leaders of the people are singled out by Hosea for condemnation. Their job was to lead the people in faithfulness, but they actually did the opposite. The prophet also criticizes the political leaders of the nation for forming covenants with Egypt and Assyria, rather than relying on the Lord. The book also includes messages of hope, most notably the tender image of God as the parent who taught the child Israel to walk and will not, in the end, abandon the nation.
The messages of Hosea announce sharply that God's relationship with
human beings includes judgment--and also that this relationship
continues on the other side of judgment, because God is faithful. Hosea
teaches that to know God is to have one's entire life transformed in
faith and obedience. God's anger was provoked because the people both
worshiped other gods and oppressed their neighbors, sins that Hosea sees
Most of the messages in the book of Hosea were spoken by Hosea. We do
not know if he wrote them down himself; his words were most probably
collected by followers who were convinced that Hosea spoke for God. It
is likely that an editor placed Hosea's messages in the present order
and composed the narrative descriptions of Hosea's family life (chapters
1 and 3). It is also likely that the editor arranged the books so that
each major section (1-3; 4-11; 12-14) ends with a word of hope.
Hosea most likely spoke his messages between the years 750 and 722
B.C.E. Sometime after that, the messages of Hosea were collected,
edited, and copied. It is not clear when this process was completed, but
it is likely that it was finished before the destruction of Jerusalem
in 586 B.C.E.
The book of Hosea is about God's loving relationship with the chosen
people--a love that leads God to judge the people when they love other
gods and oppress each other, but also a relationship to which God is
faithful on the other side of judgment.
The prophetic messages in the book of Hosea can be read both
individually and as a group. The particular messages should be studied
individually to determine what they say and how they apply to life
today. A study Bible can help with Hosea's metaphors, references to
history and tradition, and references to social practices of his time.
Read together, the messages make clear that the judgment proclaimed by
Hosea was neither a departure from God's history of dealing with the
people nor an end to that history, but an ongoing part of that history.
AUTHOR: Rolf Jacobson, Associate Professor of Old Testament
The Book Of HOSEA
word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of
Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of
Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.
beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea,
Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for
the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the LORD.
3 So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son.
4 And the
LORD said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I
will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause
to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.
5 And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel, in the valley of Jezreel.
6 And she
conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her
name Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel;
but I will utterly take them away.
7 But I
will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD
their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle,
by horses, nor by horsemen.
8 Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son.
9 Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.
the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea,
which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that
in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it
shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.
shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered
together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of
the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
1 Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah.
with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her
husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and
her adulteries from between her breasts;
3 Lest I
strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make
her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with
4 And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms.
their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done
shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my
bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.
6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.
7 And she
shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she
shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go
and return to my first husband; for then was it better with me than
8 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal.
will I return, and take away my corn in the time thereof, and my wine
in the season thereof, and will recover my wool and my flax given to
cover her nakedness.
10 And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand.
11 I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.
12 And I
will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These
are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a
forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.
13 And I
will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to
them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she
went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the LORD.
14 Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.
15 And I
will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a
door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and
as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.
16 And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou shalt call me Ishi; and shalt call me no more Baali.
17 For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name.
18 And in
that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field
and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the
ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the
earth, and will make them to lie down safely.
19 And I
will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in
righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies.
20 I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD.
21 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth;
22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.
23 And I
will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that
had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people,
Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.
said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet
an adulteress, according to the love of the LORD toward the children of
Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine.
2 So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley:
3 And I
said unto her, Thou shalt abide for me many days; thou shalt not play
the harlot, and thou shalt not be for another man: so will I also be for
4 For the
children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a
prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an
ephod, and without teraphim:
shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and
David their king; and shall fear the LORD and his goodness in the latter
the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a
controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth,
nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.
2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall
languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven;
yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.
4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for thy people are as they that strive with the priest.
5 Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.
people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected
knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me:
seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy
7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.
8 They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.
9 And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings.
they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and
shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD.
11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them:
for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone
a whoring from under their God.
sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the
hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is
good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses
shall commit adultery.
14 I will
not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses
when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and
they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people that doth not
understand shall fall.
thou, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not
ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD
16 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.
17 Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone.
18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers with shame do love, Give ye.
19 The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.
1 Hear ye
this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O
house of the king; for judgment is toward you, because ye have been a
snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
2 And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all.
3 I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whoredom, and Israel is defiled.
will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of
whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.
5 And the
pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and
Ephraim fall in their iniquity: Judah also shall fall with them.
shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the LORD; but
they shall not find him; he hath withdrawn himself from them.
have dealt treacherously against the LORD: for they have begotten
strange children: now shall a month devour them with their portions.
8 Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after thee, O Benjamin.
9 Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke: among the tribes of Israel have I made known that which shall surely be.
10 The princes of Judah were like them that remove the bound: therefore I will pour out my wrath upon them like water.
11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.
12 Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to
the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor
cure you of your wound.
14 For I
will be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of
Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none
shall rescue him.
15 I will
go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and
seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.
1 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.
2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.
shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is
prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the
latter and former rain unto the earth.
Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee?
for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth
have I hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my
mouth: and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth.
6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
7 But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.
8 Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity, and is polluted with blood.
9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.
10 I have seen an horrible thing in the house of Israel: there is the whoredom of Ephraim, Israel is defiled.
11 Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee, when I returned the captivity of my people.
1 When I
would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered,
and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief
cometh in, and the troop of robbers spoileth without.
they consider not in their hearts that I remember all their wickedness:
now their own doings have beset them about; they are before my face.
3 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.
are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, who ceaseth from
raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened.
5 In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait:
their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a
are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings
are fallen: there is none among them that calleth unto me.
8 Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.
9 Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.
10 And the pride of Israel testifieth to his face: and they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek him for all this.
11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.
they shall go, I will spread my net upon them; I will bring them down as
the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation
unto them! for they have fled from me: destruction unto them! because
they have transgressed against me: though I have redeemed them, yet they
have spoken lies against me.
they have not cried unto me with their heart, when they howled upon
their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, and they rebel
15 Though I have bound and strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against me.
return, but not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their
princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall
be their derision in the land of Egypt.
1 Set the
trumpet to thy mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of
the LORD, because they have transgressed my covenant, and trespassed
against my law.
2 Israel shall cry unto me, My God, we know thee.
3 Israel hath cast off the thing that is good: the enemy shall pursue him.
have set up kings, but not by me: they have made princes, and I knew it
not: of their silver and their gold have they made them idols, that they
may be cut off.
5 Thy calf, O Samaria, hath cast thee off; mine anger is kindled against them: how long will it be ere they attain to innocency?
6 For from Israel was it also: the workman made it; therefore it is not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.
they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no
stalk; the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers
shall swallow it up.
8 Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein is no pleasure.
9 For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.
though they have hired among the nations, now will I gather them, and
they shall sorrow a little for the burden of the king of princes.
11 Because Ephraim hath made many altars to sin, altars shall be unto him to sin.
12 I have written to him the great things of my law, but they were counted as a strange thing.
sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of mine offerings, and eat it; but
the LORD accepteth them not; now will he remember their iniquity, and
visit their sins: they shall return to Egypt.
Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples; and Judah hath
multiplied fenced cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and it
shall devour the palaces thereof.
not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for thou hast gone a whoring
from thy God, thou hast loved a reward upon every cornfloor.
2 The floor and the winepress shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail in her.
3 They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.
shall not offer wine offerings to the LORD, neither shall they be
pleasing unto him: their sacrifices shall be unto them as the bread of
mourners; all that eat thereof shall be polluted: for their bread for
their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD.
5 What will ye do in the solemn day, and in the day of the feast of the LORD?
lo, they are gone because of destruction: Egypt shall gather them up,
Memphis shall bury them: the pleasant places for their silver, nettles
shall possess them: thorns shall be in their tabernacles.
days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel
shall know it: the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man is mad, for the
multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
watchman of Ephraim was with my God: but the prophet is a snare of a
fowler in all his ways, and hatred in the house of his God.
have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: therefore he
will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.
found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the
firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: but they went to Baalpeor,
and separated themselves unto that shame; and their abominations were
according as they loved.
11 As for Ephraim, their glory shall fly away like a bird, from the birth, and from the womb, and from the conception.
they bring up their children, yet will I bereave them, that there shall
not be a man left: yea, woe also to them when I depart from them!
13 Ephraim, as I saw Tyrus, is planted in a pleasant place: but Ephraim shall bring forth his children to the murderer.
14 Give them, O LORD: what wilt thou give? give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
their wickedness is in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the
wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will
love them no more: all their princes are revolters.
is smitten, their root is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yea,
though they bring forth, yet will I slay even the beloved fruit of their
17 My God will cast them away, because they did not hearken unto him: and they shall be wanderers among the nations.
is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the
multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the
goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
2 Their heart is divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.
3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us?
have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment
springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.
inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for
the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof that
rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
shall be also carried unto Assyria for a present to king Jareb: Ephraim
shall receive shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
7 As for Samaria, her king is cut off as the foam upon the water.
high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the
thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say
to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.
Israel, thou hast sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood: the
battle in Gibeah against the children of iniquity did not overtake them.
10 It is
in my desire that I should chastise them; and the people shall be
gathered against them, when they shall bind themselves in their two
Ephraim is as an heifer that is taught, and loveth to tread out the
corn; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to ride;
Judah shall plow, and Jacob shall break his clods.
12 Sow to
yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow
ground: for it is time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain
righteousness upon you.
have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit
of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy
shall a tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be
spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother
was dashed in pieces upon her children.
15 So shall Bethel do unto you because of your great wickedness: in a morning shall the king of Israel utterly be cut off.
1 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.
2 As they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed unto Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.
3 I taught Ephraim also to go, taking them by their arms; but they knew not that I healed them.
4 I drew
them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they
that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them.
5 He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.
6 And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels.
7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt him.
shall I give thee up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver thee, Israel? how
shall I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart
is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
9 I will
not execute the fierceness of mine anger, I will not return to destroy
Ephraim: for I am God, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee:
and I will not enter into the city.
10 They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.
shall tremble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of
Assyria: and I will place them in their houses, saith the LORD.
compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but
Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.
feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth
lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians,
and oil is carried into Egypt.
LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according
to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
3 He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God:
4 Yea, he
had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication
unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us;
5 Even the LORD God of hosts; the LORD is his memorial.
6 Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment and wait on thy God continually.
7 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.
Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: in
all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin.
9 And I
that am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to
dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the solemn feast.
10 I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.
there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice
bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the
12 And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.
13 And by a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved.
provoked him to anger most bitterly: therefore shall he leave his blood
upon him, and his reproach shall his LORD return unto him.
1 When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.
2 And now
they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their
silver, and idols according to their own understanding, all of it the
work of the craftsmen: they say of them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss
they shall be as the morning cloud and as the early dew that passeth
away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor,
and as the smoke out of the chimney.
4 Yet I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me.
5 I did know thee in the wilderness, in the land of great drought.
to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their
heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.
7 Therefore I will be unto them as a lion: as a leopard by the way will I observe them:
8 I will
meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the
caul of their heart, and there will I devour them like a lion: the wild
beast shall tear them.
9 O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help.
10 I will
be thy king: where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities?
and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?
11 I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.
12 The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up; his sin is hid.
sorrows of a travailing woman shall come upon him: he is an unwise son;
for he should not stay long in the place of the breaking forth of
14 I will
ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death:
O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction:
repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of
the LORD shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become
dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treasure of
all pleasant vessels.
shall become desolate; for she hath rebelled against her God: they
shall fall by the sword: their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and
their women with child shall be ripped up.
1 O Israel, return unto the LORD thy God; for thou hast fallen by thine iniquity.
with you words, and turn to the LORD: say unto him, Take away all
iniquity, and receive us graciously: so will we render the calves of our
shall not save us; we will not ride upon horses: neither will we say any
more to the work of our hands, Ye are our gods: for in thee the
fatherless findeth mercy.
4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.
5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
6 His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his smell as Lebanon.
that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the corn,
and grow as the vine: the scent thereof shall be as the wine of
shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard him, and
observed him: I am like a green fir tree. From me is thy fruit found.
9 Who is
wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he shall know
them? for the ways of the LORD are right, and the just shall walk in
them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.