The First Book Of SAMUEL
First Samuel continues where Judges left off. The book of Ruth comes
between them in English Bibles, but not in the Hebrew Bible. Chapters
1-3 present the birth, call, and early ministry of Samuel. Chapters 4-7
relate the "adventures" of the ark of the covenant as it falls into
Philistine hands. Chapter 8 is a transitional chapter describing the
people's demand for a king. Samuel and Saul interact in chapters 9-15.
First Samuel comes to a close with a long section recounting the power
struggles between Saul and David in chapters
The lives of Samuel, Saul, and David, presented so graphically with all
the faults of the human condition, can serve as mirrors of our own
humanity. Seeing how God works in and through these people can help us
discern the activity of God in our own relationships with the Lord and
Ancient tradition identifies Samuel as the author of the first
twenty-four chapters of 1 Samuel and asserts that the rest of 1 Samuel
and 2 Samuel were completed by Nathan and Gad. Today, many scholars
believe that 1 and 2 Samuel are part of the Deuteronomistic History
(DtrH) and that various older traditions have been gathered together and
edited by a nameless exilic editor or editors.
The final event recorded in Kings occurred in 561 B.C.E. Since the
return from Babylon (538 B.C.E.) is not recorded, one assumes that 1
Samuel reached its final form sometime between these two dates (561 and
538). It was written during the Babylonian exile as part of the
Deuteronomistic History, though the older traditions that comprise much
of the narrative are considerably earlier than this.
First Samuel recounts stories of Samuel, Saul, and David as they
struggle with themselves, among each other, and with God, as Israel is
transformed from a loose confederation of tribes led by the judges such
as Gideon and Deborah to a nation ruled by a king.
First Samuel looks like a history of the new institution of kingship in
Israel. While important historical information is presented, some of it
is at odds with the presentation found in 1 Chronicles. Both Chronicles
and Samuel should be read as theological, rather than historical,
presentations of the early years of the monarchy. Samuel is part of a
larger narrative (the Deuteronomistic History) designed to demonstrate
the reasons for the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel in 722/721
B.C.E. and Judah's exile to Babylon in 587/586 B.C.E.
AUTHOR: Mark Throntveit, Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament
there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his
name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu,
the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
2 And he
had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other
Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto
the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and
Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
7 And as
he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so
she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.
said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why
eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee
than ten sons?
Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk.
Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.
10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on
the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine
handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will
give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no
razor come upon his head.
12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.
Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was
not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.
14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.
Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful
spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out
my soul before the LORD.
16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.
17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.
she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went
her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and
returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his
wife; and the LORD remembered her.
it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had
conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying,
Because I have asked him of the LORD.
21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up
until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear
before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry
until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the
woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.
when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks,
and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the
house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.
25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.
26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:
28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.
Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is
exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I
rejoice in thy salvation.
2 There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God.
3 Talk no
more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth:
for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
4 The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.
that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were
hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath
many children is waxed feeble.
6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up.
raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the
dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne
of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD's, and he hath set
the world upon them.
9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall
he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he
shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest.
12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.
the priest's custom with the people was, that, when any man offered
sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething,
with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand;
14 And he
struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the
fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh
unto all the Israelites that came thither.
before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the
man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not
have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.
16 And if
any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and
then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, Nay;
but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force.
17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.
18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.
his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to
year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.
Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The LORD give thee seed of
this woman for the loan which is lent to the LORD. And they went unto
their own home.
the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and
two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.
Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and
how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle
of the congregation.
23 And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this people.
24 Nay, my sons; for it is no good report that I hear: ye make the LORD's people to transgress.
25 If one
man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin
against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they
hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would
26 And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the LORD, and also with men.
there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the
LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were
in Egypt in Pharaoh's house?
did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to
offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and
did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire
of the children of Israel?
kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in
my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat
with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thy house, and the
house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD
saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and
they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.
the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy
father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.
thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation, in all the wealth which God
shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for
the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, shall be to
consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of
thine house shall die in the flower of their age.
this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on
Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.
35 And I
will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that
which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure
house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.
36 And it
shall come to pass, that every one that is left in thine house shall
come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and
shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests' offices, that I
may eat a piece of bread.
1 And the
child Samuel ministered unto the LORD before Eli. And the word of the
LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision.
2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see;
3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;
4 That the LORD called Samuel: and he answered, Here am I.
5 And he
ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me. And he said, I
called not; lie down again. And he went and lay down.
6 And the
LORD called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and
said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And he answered, I called not,
my son; lie down again.
7 Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed unto him.
8 And the
LORD called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli,
and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And Eli perceived that the
LORD had called the child.
Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down: and it shall be, if he call thee,
that thou shalt say, Speak, LORD; for thy servant heareth. So Samuel
went and lay down in his place.
the LORD came, and stood, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel.
Then Samuel answered, Speak; for thy servant heareth.
the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which
both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle.
that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken
concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end.
13 For I
have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity
which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he
restrained them not.
therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's
house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever.
15 And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And Samuel feared to shew Eli the vision.
16 Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And he answered, Here am I.
17 And he
said, What is the thing that the LORD hath said unto thee? I pray thee
hide it not from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide any
thing from me of all the things that he said unto thee.
18 And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It is the LORD: let him do what seemeth him good.
19 And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground.
20 And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the LORD.
21 And the LORD appeared again in Shiloh: for the LORD revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.
1 And the
word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the
Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines
pitched in Aphek.
2 And the
Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they
joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew
of the army in the field about four thousand men.
when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said,
Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to day before the Philistines? Let us
fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that,
when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
4 So the
people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the
covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims: and
the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of
the covenant of God.
when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel
shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again.
when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, What
meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews? And
they understood that the ark of the LORD was come into the camp.
7 And the
Philistines were afraid, for they said, God is come into the camp. And
they said, Woe unto us! for there hath not been such a thing heretofore.
unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods?
these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the
strong and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines, that ye be not
servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you: quit yourselves
like men, and fight.
the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man
into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of
Israel thirty thousand footmen.
11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same
day with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head.
when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his
heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city,
and told it, all the city cried out.
when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What meaneth the noise
of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and told Eli.
15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were dim, that he could not see.
the man said unto Eli, I am he that came out of the army, and I fled to
day out of the army. And he said, What is there done, my son?
the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines,
and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two
sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.
18 And it
came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from
off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and
he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel
his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be
delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken,
and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself
and travailed; for her pains came upon her.
about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her,
Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she answered not, neither did
she regard it.
she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel:
because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and
22 And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken.
1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod.
2 When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.
when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen
upon his face to the earth before the ark of the LORD. And they took
Dagon, and set him in his place again.
when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen
upon his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD; and the head of
Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold;
only the stump of Dagon was left to him.
neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house,
tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day.
6 But the
hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them,
and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof.
when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, The ark of the God
of Israel shall not abide with us: for his hand is sore upon us, and
upon Dagon our god.
sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them,
and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they
answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath.
And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about thither.
9 And it
was so, that, after they had carried it about, the hand of the LORD was
against the city with a very great destruction: and he smote the men of
the city, both small and great, and they had emerods in their secret
they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the ark of
God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying, They have
brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our
they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and
said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his
own place, that it slay us not, and our people: for there was a deadly
destruction throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy
12 And the men that died not were smitten with the emerods: and the cry of the city went up to heaven.
1 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months.
2 And the
Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall
we do to the ark of the LORD? tell us wherewith we shall send it to his
they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not
empty; but in any wise return him a trespass offering: then ye shall be
healed, and it shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from
said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to
him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, according
to the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague was on
you all, and on your lords.
ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that mar
the land; and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure
he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from
off your land.
then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened
their hearts? when he had wrought wonderfully among them, did they not
let the people go, and they departed?
therefore make a new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there hath
come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home
take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels
of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the
side thereof; and send it away, that it may go.
see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he
hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is
not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that happened to us.
10 And the men did so; and took two milch kine, and tied them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home:
11 And they laid the ark of the LORD upon the cart, and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their emerods.
the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, and went along
the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right
hand or to the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them
unto the border of Bethshemesh.
they of Bethshemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley: and
they lifted up their eyes, and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it.
the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Bethshemite, and stood there,
where there was a great stone: and they clave the wood of the cart, and
offered the kine a burnt offering unto the LORD.
the Levites took down the ark of the LORD, and the coffer that was with
it, wherein the jewels of gold were, and put them on the great stone:
and the men of Bethshemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrificed
sacrifices the same day unto the LORD.
16 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day.
these are the golden emerods which the Philistines returned for a
trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for
Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;
the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the
Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of
country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, whereon they set
down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth unto this day in the
field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.
19 And he
smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of
the LORD, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and
ten men: and the people lamented, because the LORD had smitten many of
the people with a great slaughter.
20 And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall he go up from us?
they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The
Philistines have brought again the ark of the LORD; come ye down, and
fetch it up to you.
1 And the
men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and
brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified
Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD.
2 And it
came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was
long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented
after the LORD.
Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto
the LORD with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and
Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the LORD, and
serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of the
4 Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim and Ashtaroth, and served the LORD only.
5 And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the LORD.
they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out
before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned
against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.
when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered
together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel.
And when the children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the
8 And the
children of Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to cry unto the LORD our
God for us, that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines.
Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly
unto the LORD: and Samuel cried unto the LORD for Israel; and the LORD
10 And as
Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to
battle against Israel: but the LORD thundered with a great thunder on
that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited them; and they were
smitten before Israel.
11 And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued the Philistines, and smote them, until they came under Bethcar.
Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the
name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us.
13 So the
Philistines were subdued, and they came no more into the coast of
Israel: and the hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the
days of Samuel.
the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to
Israel, from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel
deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between
Israel and the Amorites.
15 And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life.
16 And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel, and Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged Israel in all those places.
17 And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the LORD.
1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.
3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,
5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.
6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
7 And the
LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that
they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have
rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them
up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me,
and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto
them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.
11 And he
said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He
will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots,
and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.
12 And he
will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties;
and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to
make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
13 And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
16 And he
will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest
young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.
17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.
18 And ye
shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have
chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.
19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us;
20 That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.
21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.
the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king.
And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.
there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the
son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a
mighty man of power.
2 And he
had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and
there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he:
from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.
3 And the
asses of Kish Saul's father were lost. And Kish said to Saul his son,
Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses.
4 And he
passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha,
but they found them not: then they passed through the land of Shalim,
and there they were not: and he passed through the land of the
Benjamites, but they found them not.
when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant that
was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave caring for
the asses, and take thought for us.
6 And he
said unto him, Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is
an honourable man; all that he saith cometh surely to pass: now let us
go thither; peradventure he can shew us our way that we should go.
said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the
man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and there is not a present
to bring to the man of God: what have we?
8 And the
servant answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I have here at hand the
fourth part of a shekel of silver: that will I give to the man of God,
to tell us our way.
in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and
let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet was
beforetime called a Seer.)
10 Then said Saul to his servant, Well said; come, let us go. So they went unto the city where the man of God was.
11 And as
they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going out
to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here?
they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: make
haste now, for he came to day to the city; for there is a sacrifice of
the people to day in the high place:
soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before
he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he
come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that
be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find
they went up into the city: and when they were come into the city,
behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place.
15 Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying,
morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of
Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel,
that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines: for I
have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me.
17 And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people.
18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is.
Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer: go up before me unto the
high place; for ye shall eat with me to day, and to morrow I will let
thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart.
20 And as
for thine asses that were lost three days ago, set not thy mind on
them; for they are found. And on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it
not on thee, and on all thy father's house?
Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the
tribes of Israel? and my family the least of all the families of the
tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to me?
Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour, and
made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, which
were about thirty persons.
23 And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion which I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee.
the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it, and set it
before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left! set it before
thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I
said, I have invited the people. So Saul did eat with Samuel that day.
25 And when they were come down from the high place into the city, Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house.
they arose early: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, that
Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, saying, Up, that I may send
thee away. And Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and
27 And as
they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid
the servant pass on before us, (and he passed on), but stand thou still a
while, that I may shew thee the word of God.
Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him,
and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain
over his inheritance?
thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men by
Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will
say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are found: and, lo,
thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth for you,
saying, What shall I do for my son?
shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain
of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Bethel,
one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread,
and another carrying a bottle of wine:
4 And they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which thou shalt receive of their hands.
that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the
Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to
the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from
the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp,
before them; and they shall prophesy:
6 And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
7 And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as occasion serve thee; for God is with thee.
thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down
unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of
peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee, and
shew thee what thou shalt do.
9 And it
was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him
another heart: and all those signs came to pass that day.
when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met
him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.
11 And it
came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that, behold, he
prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one to another, What
is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the
one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father?
Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets?
13 And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high place.
Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And he
said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we
came to Samuel.
15 And Saul's uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what Samuel said unto you.
Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were found.
But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he told him not.
17 And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh;
said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I
brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the
Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that
19 And ye
have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your
adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, Nay, but
set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by
your tribes, and by your thousands.
20 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken.
he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the
family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when
they sought him, he could not be found.
they enquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet come thither.
And the LORD answered, Behold he hath hid himself among the stuff.
they ran and fetched him thence: and when he stood among the people, he
was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward.
Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath chosen,
that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people
shouted, and said, God save the king.
Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a
book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people
away, every man to his house.
26 And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched.
the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they
despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.
Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against Jabeshgilead: and all
the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant with us, and we will
Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition will I make a
covenant with you, that I may thrust out all your right eyes, and lay it
for a reproach upon all Israel.
3 And the
elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven days' respite, that we
may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel: and then, if there be
no man to save us, we will come out to thee.
came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, and told the tidings in the ears
of the people: and all the people lifted up their voices, and wept.
behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, What
aileth the people that they weep? And they told him the tidings of the
men of Jabesh.
6 And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard those tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly.
7 And he
took a yoke of oxen, and hewed them in pieces, and sent them throughout
all the coasts of Israel by the hands of messengers, saying, Whosoever
cometh not forth after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done unto
his oxen. And the fear of the LORD fell on the people, and they came out
with one consent.
8 And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.
they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men
of Jabeshgilead, To morrow, by that time the sun be hot, ye shall have
help. And the messengers came and shewed it to the men of Jabesh; and
they were glad.
10 Therefore the men of Jabesh said, To morrow we will come out unto you, and ye shall do with us all that seemeth good unto you.
11 And it
was so on the morrow, that Saul put the people in three companies; and
they came into the midst of the host in the morning watch, and slew the
Ammonites until the heat of the day: and it came to pass, that they
which remained were scattered, so that two of them were not left
12 And the people said unto Samuel, Who is he that said, Shall Saul reign over us? bring the men, that we may put them to death.
13 And Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death this day: for to day the LORD hath wrought salvation in Israel.
14 Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there.
all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the
LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings
before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced
Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your voice in
all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.
now, behold, the king walketh before you: and I am old and grayheaded;
and, behold, my sons are with you: and I have walked before you from my
childhood unto this day.
here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed:
whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I
defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any
bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
4 And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
5 And he
said unto them, The LORD is witness against you, and his anointed is
witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand. And they
answered, He is witness.
Samuel said unto the people, It is the LORD that advanced Moses and
Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt.
therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all
the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your
Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the LORD, then
the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of
Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of
Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the
Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought
they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have
forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver
us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee.
the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, and
delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye
when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against
you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the LORD
your God was your king.
13 Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired! and, behold, the LORD hath set a king over you.
14 If ye
will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel
against the commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the
king that reigneth over you continue following the LORD your God:
15 But if
ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but rebel against the
commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD be against you,
as it was against your fathers.
16 Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD will do before your eyes.
17 Is it
not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send
thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is
great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a
Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that
day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy
God, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins this evil, to
ask us a king.
Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this wickedness:
yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all
21 And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.
22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his people.
as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to
pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way:
24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he hath done for you.
25 But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both ye and your king.
1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with
Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan
in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to
Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the
Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the
land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
4 And all
Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines,
and that Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And
the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.
5 And the
Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty
thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand
which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in
Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.
the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were
distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in
thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.
some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As
for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him
8 And he
tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed:
but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.
10 And it
came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt
offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he
might salute him.
Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the
people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days
appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at
said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I
have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and
offered a burnt offering.
Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the
commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would
the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after
his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his
people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.
Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And
Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred
Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them,
abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies:
one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land
another company turned the way to Bethhoron: and another company turned
to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the
there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the
Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:
all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man
his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.
21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
22 So it
came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor
spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and
Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.
23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.
1 Now it
came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the
young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the
Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his
Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree
which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six
Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the
son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the
people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the
Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a
sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the
name of the other Seneh.
5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.
Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go
over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD
will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many
or by few.
7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.
8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.
9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.
10 But if
they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath
delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us.
both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines:
and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the
holes where they had hid themselves.
the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer, and
said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said
unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath delivered
them into the hand of Israel.
Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his
armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his
armourbearer slew after him.
that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was
about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke
of oxen might plow.
there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people:
the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth
quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the
multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.
said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is
gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his
armourbearer were not there.
18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
19 And it
came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that
was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said
unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and
they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his
fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.
the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went
up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also
turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.
all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when
they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after
them in the battle.
23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Bethaven.
the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the
people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening,
that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any
25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey upon the ground.
when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but
no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.
Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath:
wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and
dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes
answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the
people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food this
day. And the people were faint.
said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how
mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this
much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day of the spoil of
their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much
greater slaughter among the Philistines?
31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves,
and slew them on the ground: and the people did eat them with the blood.
they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that
they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have transgressed: roll a
great stone unto me this day.
Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them,
Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay them
here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood.
And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and
slew them there.
35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.
Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them
until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they
said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us
draw near hither unto God.
Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt
thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that
38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.
as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be in Jonathan my
son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people
that answered him.
said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son
will be on the other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what
seemeth good unto thee.
41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.
42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.
Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told
him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod
that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must die.
44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.
the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this
great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall
not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with
God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.
46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own place.
Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on
every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and
against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the
Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.
48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.
the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchishua: and the names
of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and
the name of the younger Michal:
the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the
name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.
51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.
there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and
when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.
also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his
people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the
words of the LORD.
saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how
he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt.
3 Now go
and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them
not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep,
camel and ass.
4 And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah.
5 And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.
Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the
Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all
the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites
departed from among the Amalekites.
7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt.
8 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the
oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and
would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and
refuse, that they destroyed utterly.
10 Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying,
repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back
from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it
grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all night.
when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it was told Samuel,
saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, he set him up a place, and is
gone about, and passed on, and gone down to Gilgal.
13 And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the LORD.
14 And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?
Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people
spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD
thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.
16 Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say on.
Samuel said, When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not
made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the LORD anointed thee king
the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy the
sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed.
19 Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the LORD, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of the LORD?
Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and
have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king
of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites.
the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things
which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy
God in Gilgal.
Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and
sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is
better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.
rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity
and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath
also rejected thee from being king.
Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have transgressed the
commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared the people, and
obeyed their voice.
25 Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD.
Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for thou hast
rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected thee from
being king over Israel.
27 And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent.
Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee
this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better
29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent.
he said, I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray thee, before the
elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me, that I
may worship the LORD thy God.
31 So Samuel turned again after Saul; and Saul worshipped the LORD.
said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And
Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of
death is past.
Samuel said, As the sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother
be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the
LORD in Gilgal.
34 Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to Gibeah of Saul.
Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless
Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul
king over Israel.
1 And the
LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have
rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and
go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a
king among his sons.
Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the
LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to
call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou shalt do:
and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.
Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the
elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou
5 And he
said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD: sanctify
yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse
and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.
6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD's anointed is before him.
7 But the
LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of
his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man
seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh
on the heart.
8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these.
Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There
remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And
Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down
till he come hither.
12 And he
sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful
countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint
him: for this is he.
Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his
brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day
forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.
15 And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth thee.
our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a
man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when
the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with his
hand, and thou shalt be well.
17 And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me.
answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of
Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant
man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and
the LORD is with him.
19 Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy son, which is with the sheep.
20 And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.
21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armourbearer.
22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight.
23 And it
came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David
took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was
well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
1 Now the
Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered
together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between
Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the
valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
3 And the
Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a
mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named
Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5 And he
had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of
mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.
7 And the
staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head
weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went
8 And he
stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are
ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye
servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.
9 If he
be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants:
but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our
servants, and serve us.
10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was
Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man
in the days of Saul.
the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and
the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the
firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul.
15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of
this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp of thy
18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper,
and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the
trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the
21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren.
23 And as
he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine
of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and
spake according to the same words: and David heard them.
24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.
the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to
defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth
him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his
daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to
the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from
Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy
the armies of the living God?
27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's
anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down
hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I
know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come
down that thou mightest see the battle.
29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
30 And he
turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and
the people answered him again after the former manner.
31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.
32 And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to
fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his
David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there
came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
35 And I
went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth:
and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him,
and slew him.
servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised
Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of
the living God.
said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion,
and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of
this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with
38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had
not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I
have not proved them. And David put them off him.
40 And he
took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the
brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip;
and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.
41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.
when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for
he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.
43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto
the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a
spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of
hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee,
and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host
of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild
beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in
all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and
spear: for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give you into our
48 And it
came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came, and drew nigh to
meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the
David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it,
and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his
forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and
smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand
David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew
it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head
therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they
the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the
Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron.
And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim,
even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner,
the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner
said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.
57 And as
David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him,
and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David
answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
1 And it
came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the
soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him
as his own soul.
2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house.
3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to
David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his
David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely:
and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight
of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
6 And it
came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of
the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel,
singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with
instruments of musick.
7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They
have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but
thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?
9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
10 And it
came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon
Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with
his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand.
Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall
with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.
12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul.
13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.
15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.
Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee
to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD's battles. For
Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the
Philistines be upon him.
David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father's
family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king?
19 But it
came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been
given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.
20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that
the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to
David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the one of the twain.
Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and
say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love
thee: now therefore be the king's son in law.
Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said,
Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's son in law, seeing that I
am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David.
Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry,
but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's
enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the
26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son in law: and the days were not expired.
David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two
hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in
full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul
gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
28 And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him.
29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's enemy continually.
the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after
they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the
servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.
1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.
Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David,
saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee,
take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place,
and hide thyself:
3 And I
will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and I
will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell
Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him,
Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath
not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward
5 For he
did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD
wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst
rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay
David without a cause?
6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware, As the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.
Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all those things. And
Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as in times
there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the
Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from
9 And the
evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with
his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.
Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin: but he
slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the
wall: and David fled, and escaped that night.
also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him
in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save
not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.
12 So Michal let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped.
13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth.
14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick.
15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him.
16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster.
Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine
enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me,
Let me go; why should I kill thee?
David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all
that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth.
19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah.
Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the
prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the
Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.
when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied
likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they
went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he
asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they
be at Naioth in Ramah.
23 And he
went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him
also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.
24 And he
stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like
manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore
they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What
have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy
father, that he seeketh my life?
2 And he
said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do
nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why
should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.
David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have
found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this,
lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul
liveth, there is but a step between me and death.
4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.
David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I
should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may
hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.
6 If thy
father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that
he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice
there for all the family.
7 If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.
thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy
servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there
be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to
Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil
were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it
10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?
11 And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.
Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my
father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there
be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;
LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do
thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou
mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my
14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not:
also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not
when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face
of the earth.
16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.
17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.
when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and
come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in
hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark.
behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I
expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee,
take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as
the LORD liveth.
22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away.
23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.
24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.
the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the
wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's
place was empty.
Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath
befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.
27 And it
came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that
David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore
cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?
28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem:
29 And he
said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the
city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I
have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see
my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.
Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou
son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast
chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion
of thy mother's nakedness?
31 For as
long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be
established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me,
for he shall surely die.
32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the
second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his
father had done him shame.
35 And it
came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at
the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him.
36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot,
Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee?
Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And
Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.
40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.
41 And as
soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south,
and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and
they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David
Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of
us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and
between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and
Jonathan went into the city.
came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at
the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man
David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a
business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the
business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I
have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.
4 And the
priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine
hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves
at least from women.
David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been
kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels
of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea,
though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
6 So the
priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the
shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the
day when it was taken away.
7 Now a
certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before
the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen
that belonged to Saul.
David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear
or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me,
because the king's business required haste.
9 And the
priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in
the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the
ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that
here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me.
10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the
land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul
hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
13 And he
changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their
hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall
down upon his beard.
14 Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?
15 Have I
need of mad men, that ye have brought this fellow to play the mad man
in my presence? shall this fellow come into my house?
therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his
brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to
every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and
every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he
became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred
David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab,
Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you,
till I know what God will do for me.
4 And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.
5 And the
prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get
thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the
forest of Hareth.
Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that were with him,
(now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his spear in his
hand, and all his servants were standing about him;)
Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye
Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and
vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains of
all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that sheweth me
that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none
of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred
up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and
said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of
10 And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all
his father's house, the priests that were in Nob: and they came all of
them to the king.
12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I am, my lord.
Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son
of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast
enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait,
as at this day?
Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all
thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy
bidding, and is honourable in thine house?
15 Did I
then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far from me: let not the
king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to all the house of my
father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more.
16 And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father's house.
the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the
priests of the LORD: because their hand also is with David, and because
they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of
the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the
the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg
the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day
fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.
Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both
men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep,
with the edge of the sword.
20 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.
21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the LORD's priests.
David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was
there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of
all the persons of thy father's house.
23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.
1 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors.
David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and smite these
Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the
Philistines, and save Keilah.
David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much
more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?
David enquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and
said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into
David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and
brought away their cattle, and smote them with a great slaughter. So
David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.
7 And it
was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath
delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town
that hath gates and bars.
8 And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.
said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that
Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.
the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as
thy servant hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy
servant. And the LORD said, He will come down.
said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand
of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver thee up.
David and his men, which were about six hundred, arose and departed out
of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go. And it was told Saul
that David was escaped from Keilah; and he forbare to go forth.
David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a
mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but
God delivered him not into his hand.
15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.
16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.
17 And he
said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find
thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee;
and that also Saul my father knoweth.
18 And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide
himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah,
which is on the south of Jeshimon?
therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to
come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand.
21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LORD; for ye have compassion on me.
22 Go, I
pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place where his haunt is,
and who hath seen him there: for it is told me that he dealeth very
therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth
himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with
you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search
him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.
they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in
the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.
also and his men went to seek him. And they told David; wherefore he
came down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when
Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.
Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that
side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul;
for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take
27 But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.
Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the
Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.
29 And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.
1 And it
came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines,
that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of
2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats.
3 And he
came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to
cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the
4 And the
men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the LORD said unto
thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou
mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and
cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily.
5 And it came to pass afterward, that David's heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
6 And he
said unto his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing unto my
master, the LORD's anointed, to stretch forth mine hand against him,
seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.
David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to
rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his
also arose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul,
saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped
with his face to the earth, and bowed himself.
9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt?
this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to
day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye
spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my
lord; for he is the LORD's anointed.
my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I
cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see
that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have
not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.
12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
14 After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea.
15 The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
16 And it
came to pass, when David had made an end of speaking these words unto
Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And Saul lifted
up his voice, and wept.
17 And he said to David, Thou art more righteous than I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil.
thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me:
forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into thine hand, thou
killedst me not.
19 For if
a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? wherefore the LORD
reward thee good for that thou hast done unto me this day.
20 And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine hand.
now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed
after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's
22 And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but David and his men gat them up unto the hold.
Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented
him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went
down to the wilderness of Paran.
there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man
was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats:
and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3 Now the
name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she
was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but
the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of
4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.
David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you
up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name:
thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to
thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.
7 And now
I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with
us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all
the while they were in Carmel.
8 Ask thy
young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find
favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee,
whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the
son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every
man from his master.
11 Shall I
then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for
my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be?
12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings.
David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded
on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there
went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the
one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David
sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he
railed on them.
the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we
any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the
16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep.
therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined
against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son
of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.
Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of
wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn,
and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and
laid them on asses.
19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
20 And it
was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert on the
hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met
David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in
the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto
him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
22 So and
more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that
pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell
before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground,
fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity
be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and
hear the words of thine handmaid.
not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as
his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I
thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.
therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, seeing
the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood, and from
avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they
that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it
even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
28 I pray
thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will
certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the
battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days.
29 Yet a
man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my
lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the
souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle
of a sling.
30 And it
shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according
to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have
appointed thee ruler over Israel;
this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord,
either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged
himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then
remember thine handmaid.
32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me:
blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day
from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand.
34 For in
very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back
from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely
there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth
against the wall.
David received of her hand that which she had brought him, and said unto
her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice,
and have accepted thy person.
Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like
the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was
very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the
37 But it
came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and
his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and
he became as a stone.
38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that
hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath
kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of
Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to
take her to him to wife.
when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake
unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife.
she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold,
let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my
Abigail hasted, and arose and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of
hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David,
and became his wife.
43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives.
44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.
1 And the
Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself
in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon?
Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three
thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness
Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon, by the
way. But David abode in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after
him into the wilderness.
4 David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul was come in very deed.
David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David
beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain
of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round
answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son
of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul
to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.
David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay
sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his
bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him.
said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand
this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear
even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time.
9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD's anointed, and be guiltless?
said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his
day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish.
LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD's
anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that is at his
bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.
David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and
they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for
they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon
13 Then David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of an hill afar off; a great space being between them:
David cried to the people, and to Abner the son of Ner, saying,
Answerest thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who art thou
that criest to the king?
David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man? and who is like to thee
in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for
there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord.
thing is not good that thou hast done. As the LORD liveth, ye are worthy
to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD's anointed. And
now see where the king's spear is, and the cruse of water that was at
17 And Saul knew David's voice, and said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king.
18 And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand?
therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his
servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an
offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the
LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the
inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.
therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the
LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one
doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.
said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do
thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I
have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.
22 And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! and let one of the young men come over and fetch it.
LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the
LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth
mine hand against the LORD's anointed.
behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my
life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out
of all tribulation.
Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son David: thou shalt both do
great things, and also shalt still prevail. So David went on his way,
and Saul returned to his place.
David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul:
there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into
the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me
any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.
2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his
household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and
Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
4 And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him.
David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let
them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell
there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee?
6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.
7 And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a full year and four months.
David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites,
and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of
the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took
away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the
apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.
Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against
the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and
against the south of the Kenites.
David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings to Gath,
saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so will
be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the
Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to
abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for ever.
1 And it
came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies
together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David,
Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and
David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do.
And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head
Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in
Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had
familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
4 And the
Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in
Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in
5 And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.
6 And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar
spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said
to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor.
Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two
men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray
thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I
shall name unto thee.
9 And the
woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he
hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of
the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to
10 And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.
11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel.
when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman
spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.
the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the
woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth.
14 And he
said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up;
and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel,
and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.
Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And
Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war
against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more,
neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that
thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?
the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the
kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to
thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce
wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee
the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the
Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me: the LORD
also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.
Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid,
because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he
had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.
the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said
unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put
my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest
therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine
handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that
thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.
23 But he
refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the
woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose
from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it,
and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake unleavened bread thereof:
25 And she brought it before Saul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.
1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.
2 And the
lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but
David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.
said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here? And
Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the
servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me these days,
or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell unto me
unto this day?
4 And the
princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the
Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return, that he may go again
to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let him not go down
with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an adversary to us: for
wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his master? should it not be
with the heads of these men?
5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the LORD liveth, thou
hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the
host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the
day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the lords favour
7 Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou displease not the lords of the Philistines.
David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found
in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I
may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?
Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good in my
sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the
Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.
now rise up early in the morning with thy master's servants that are
come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early in the morning, and have
David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into
the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.
1 And it
came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third
day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten
Ziklag, and burned it with fire;
2 And had
taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either
great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.
David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with
fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken
4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.
5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him,
because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons
and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.
David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring
me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David.
David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop?
shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt
surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.
David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to
the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.
David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind,
which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave
him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water;
they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins:
and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no
bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.
David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he
said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master
left me, because three days agone I fell sick.
made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast
which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned
Ziklag with fire.
David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he
said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver
me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this
when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all
the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great
spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of
the land of Judah.
David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next
day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men,
which rode upon camels, and fled.
18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives.
there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons
nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to
them: David recovered all.
20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.
David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could
not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor:
and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with
him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them.
answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with
David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them
ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife
and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart.
said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD
hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that
came against us into our hand.
who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part is that goeth
down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff:
they shall part alike.
25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.
when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of
Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the
spoil of the enemies of the LORD;
27 To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were in south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir,
28 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa,
29 And to
them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the
Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites,
30 And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach,
31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.
1 Now the
Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from
before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
2 And the
Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the
Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons.
3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.
said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through
therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and
abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid.
Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.
6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and
they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel
fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and
fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8 And it
came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the
slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the
land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their
idols, and among the people.
10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.
11 And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul;
the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and
the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh,
and burnt them there.
13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.